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Biosynthesis of fumiquinazolines by the fungus Penicillium thymicola
- Zhelifonova, V. P., Antipova, T. V., Kozlovskii, A. G.
- Applied biochemistry and microbiology 2012 v.48 no.3 pp. 302-306
- Penicillium, biosynthesis, fungi, mannitol, secondary metabolites, sodium chloride
- Biosynthesis of fumiquinazolines F and G (FQs), PC-2, and pigments by the fungus P. thymicola VKM FW-869 is directly dependent on the content of carbon substrate (mannitol) in the medium. Pigment production prevailed at all of the tested mannitol concentrations. The necessary conditions for predominant FQ biosynthesis by the fungus P. thymicola are carbon source (mannitol) limitation and presence of NaCl in the cultivation medium. NaCl has a regulatory effect on the formation of secondary metabolites by enhancing FQ biosynthesis and reducing pigment formation. The maximum values of FQ biosynthesis and inhibition of pigment production are obtained at a mannitol concentration of 20 g/l and 2.5% NaCl in the medium.