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Spin-orbit coupling and zero-field splitting of the high-spin ferric enzyme-substrate complex: Protocatechuate 3,4-dioxygenase complexed with 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetate

Lü, LingLing, Zhu, YuanCheng, Wang, XiaoFang, Zuo, GuoFang, Guo, Feng, Zhao, SuRui, Wang, YongCheng
Chinese science bulletin 2013 v.58 no.6 pp. 627-633
iron, magnetic properties, oxygenases, phenolic acids
We used density functional calculations to investigate the electronic origins of the magnetic properties of the high-spin ferric enzyme-substrate complex protocatechuate 3,4-dioxygenase (3,4-PCD). The calculated g-tensors show that ligand-to-metal charge transfer transitions are from the protocatechuate (PCA) and Tyr408 orbitals to the Fe dπ orbitals, which lead to x- and y-polarized transitions. These polarized transitions require a spin-orbit coupling (SOC) matrix element in the z-direction, L z (z = z′), resulting in a g z′ value of 2.0158, significantly deviating from 2.0023. A large zero-field splitting parameter value of +1.147 cm⁻¹ is due to ΔS = −1 spin-orbit mixing with the quartet states for the sextet ground state, accounting for around 73% of the SOC contribution. The SOC matrix elements indicate that the high-spin d⁵ system Fe(III), 3,4-PCD-PCA is a weak spin-crossover compound with an SOC of 31.56 cm⁻¹.