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An investigation of lead chromate (crocoite-PbCrO4) and other inorganic pigments in aged traffic paint samples from Hamilton, Ohio: implications for lead in the environment

White, Katherine, Detherage, Teresa, Verellen, Maxwell, Tully, Jennifer, Krekeler, Mark P. S.
Environmental earth sciences 2014 v.71 no.8 pp. 3517-3528
X-ray diffraction, calcite, calcium chloride, groundwater, lead, pigments, quartz, roads, scanning electron microscopy, sodium chloride, solubility, surface water, traffic, Ohio
Traffic paint samples collected from roads in the City of Hamilton, Butler County, OH, USA were investigated to determine whether or not pigments are hazardous and are of environmental concern. Powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) indicate that white and gray paint samples are dominated by calcite, rutile, anatase and quartz and blue traffic paint samples are dominated by calcite and barite. XRD and SEM indicate that most yellow traffic paints have lead chromate (crocoite-PbCrO₄) with common particle sizes that are typically 125–350 nm in length and 75–200 nm in width. Larger aggregates of several micrometers in diameter are also observed. The solubility of PbCrO₄(1.34 × 10⁻⁷ mol/L at 25 °C) combined with an increase in solubility with exposure to 0.05–0.25 M NaCl and CaCl₂road treatments solutions as demonstrated by basic batch experiments likely makes PbCrO₄from traffic paint a potential source for lead pollution in surface water and groundwater that is not fully recognized.