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Corn (Zea mays L.) Grain and Stover Yield as Affected by Soil Residual Mineral Nitrogen
- Miransari, Mohammad, Mackenzie, A. F.
- Communications in soil science and plant analysis 2012 v.43 no.5 pp. 799-810
- Zea mays, corn, fertilizer rates, field experimentation, grain yield, nitrates, nitrogen, nitrogen fertilizers, regression analysis, soil, soil minerals, stover
- Evaluation of nitrogen (N) dynamic in soil using regression equations is important for proper determination of N fertilization. A 3-year field experiment was conducted to (1) develop the best-fitted regression model relating corn grain and stover yield to soil residual ammonium (NH₄)-N and nitrate (NO₃)-N for corn yield prediction and (2) evaluate how such a model can be beneficial to the health of ecosystem by predicting the appropriate rates of N fertilization for corn production. Soil NH₄-N and NO₃-N were determined at corn harvest at the depths of 0–30 and 30–60 cm. Nitrogen fertilizer rates and soil mineral N accounted for a maximum of 93% variation in corn grain yield. Soil mineral N enhanced corn yield more than N fertilizer. Totals of 63.1 and 14.1 kg/ha of soil residual NO₃-N and NH₄-N were found in the 0- to 60-cm depth, indicating the importance of performing soil N tests.