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Selected Soil Enzyme Activities, Soil Microbial Biomass Carbon, and Root Yield as Influenced by Organic Production Systems in Sweet Potato

Nedunchezhiyan, M., Byju, G., Dash, S. N., Ranasingh, N.
Communications in soil science and plant analysis 2013 v.44 no.8 pp. 1322-1339
animal manures, beta-glucosidase, carbon, enzyme activity, fertilizers, field experimentation, leaves, microbial activity, microbial biomass, nitrogen, organic production, phosphorus, production technology, soil, soil enzymes, sweet potatoes
A field experiment was conducted on Typic Rhedustalfs to determine the effects of various organic production systems. Results revealed that the soil microbial biomass carbon (SMBC) content was greatest with the application of 100% N through farmyard manure. The ratio index value of biofertilizer along with 50% N through any one of the organic sources were greater than 100% N through green leaf manure / vermicompost, integrated use of manure and fertilizer (conventional production system), and control (traditional system of production). Soil enzymes varied with the production systems. The urease, phosphatase, and β-glucosidase activities were more with greater nitrogen, phosphorus, and organic-matter treatments, respectively. The SMBC, soil enzymes, and microbial activity were very responsive to organic production systems, but their levels and activities were not reflected in sweet potato root yield.