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Comparative Study of the Effects of Solid-State Fermentation with Three Filamentous Fungi on the Total Phenolics Content (TPC), Flavonoids, and Antioxidant Activities of Subfractions from Oats (Avena sativa L.)

Cai, Shengbao, Wang, Ou, Wu, Wei, Zhu, Songjie, Zhou, Feng, Ji, Baoping, Gao, Fengyi, Zhang, Di, Liu, Jia, Cheng, Qian
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2012 v.60 no.1 pp. 507-513
Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus oryzae, Avena sativa, antioxidant activity, flavonoids, fungi, high performance liquid chromatography, oats, polyphenols, solid state fermentation
The aim of present work was to investigate the effect of solid-state fermentation with filamentous fungi (Aspergillus oryzae var. effuses, Aspergillus oryzae, and Aspergillus niger) on total phenolics content (TPC), flavonoids, and antioxidant activities of four subfractions of oat, namely, n-hexane, ethyl acetate (EA), n-butanol, and water, and compare them to their corresponding subfractions of unfermented oat. The TPC and total flavonoids increased dramatically, especially in EA subfractions (p < 0.05). The levels of antioxidant activity of subfractions were also significantly enhanced (p < 0.05). The highest antioxidant activities were also found in the EA subfractions. The polyphenols in EA were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography at 280 nm. Most polyphenols were increased remarkably, especially ferulic and caffeic acids. There was a clear correlation between the TPC and antioxidant activity. In conclusion, fungi fermentation is a potential bioprocess for increasing the TPC, flavonoids, and antioxidant activities of oat-based food.