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Heat-inactivated peroxidases and the role of calcium abstraction as a cause of their enhanced lipid oxidation activity: potential effects on the flavour quality of heat-processed vegetables
- Adams, J.B., Brown, H.M., Ledward, D.A., Turner, R.
- Food chemistry 2003 v.80 no.4 pp. 499-510
- EDTA (chelating agent), calcium, enzyme activity, flavor, heat treatment, hexanols, linoleic acid, lipid peroxidation, oxidation, peroxidase, turnips, volatile compounds
- Cationic swede and anionic turnip peroxidases were partially purified by ion-exchange and gel-filtration chromatography, respectively. Heat treatment of these enzymes and of a commercial high purity horseradish peroxidase (HRP) caused a loss of enzyme activity and a corresponding increase in linoleic acid hydroperoxide formation activity. The hydroperoxide levels in model systems increased only in the early stages of the oxidation reaction and then declined as degradation became more significant. The presence of a dialysed blend of cooked swede markedly lowered the hydroperoxide level formed. Analysis of volatile compounds formed showed that hexanal predominated in a buffer system and in a blend of cooked turnip. In dialysed blends of cooked swede, hexanol was the primary volatile compound generated. After inactivation under mild conditions in the presence of EDTA, the peroxidases showed hydroperoxide formation activity and patterns of volatile compounds from linoleic acid that were similar to those found on heat-inactivation. This suggested that calcium abstraction from the peroxidases was critical for the enhancement of lipid oxidation activity.