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Morphological, thermal, rheological and noodle-making properties of potato and corn starch

Singh, Narpinder, Singh, Jaspreet, Sodhi, Navdeep Singh
Journal of the science of food and agriculture 2002 v.82 no.12 pp. 1376-1383
amylose, cohesion, cold storage, cooking quality, corn, corn starch, cultivars, extrusion, gel strength, gels, hardness, noodles, pastes, potato starch, potatoes, solubility, starch granules, stickiness, swelling (materials), temperature, texture, transmittance, viscosity
A comparison between the morphological, thermal, rheological and noodle-making properties of corn starch and potato starches separated from five different potato cultivars was made. The granule size and shape of all starches differed significantly. Potato starch granules were comparatively larger than corn starch granules, while the transition temperatures were found to be higher for corn starch. Consistency coefficients and flow behaviour indices measured by back extrusion were higher for potato starches than for corn starch. Stickiness of cooked starch pastes was observed to depend upon their consistency coefficient. The gels made from all potato starches showed higher gel strength than those from corn starch. The gel strength of starches from both corn and potato increased during refrigerated storage. The amylose content, swelling power, solubility and light transmittance values of potato starches were significantly higher than those of corn starch. Noodles made from potato starches had higher cooked weight and cooking loss than corn starch noodles. Texture profile analysis revealed that potato starch noodles also had higher hardness and cohesiveness than corn starch noodles. Hardness of cooked noodles from all starches increased and cohesiveness decreased during storage. Noodles made from starches of higher viscosity exhibited higher hardness and cohesiveness. Textural differences among cooked starch noodles appeared to be associated with morphological, thermal and rheological properties of corn starch and potato starches.