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Insight into the mechanism of short chain fatty acid absorption in the ostrich (Struthio camelus) proximal colon

Musara, C., Chamunorwa, J., Holtug, K., Skadhauge, E.
British poultry science 2003 v.44 no.2 pp. 316-326
absorption, acetazolamide, anions, carbon dioxide, carbonate dehydratase, colon, hydrogen, hydrogen ions, hypoxia, ostriches, ouabain, propionic acid, secretion, short chain fatty acids
1. Occurrence of short chain fatty acids (SCFA) in anionic form limits their diffusion across the absorptive membrane. The present study sought to establish the mechanism of SCFA absorption in the ostrich. 2. Epithelial tissues were taken from the sacculated part of the colon and mounted in Ussing chambers in a bathing solution. The tissues were voltage-clamped and allowed to equilibrate to obtain a baseline short circuit current (I sc). 3. Propionate (23 mm) on the mucosal side increased the I sc. The SCFA-induced I sc was completely inhibited by anoxia, ouabain (1 to 2 mm), acetazolamide (0·5 mm) and 4,4'-diisothiocyanostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid (0·1 mm) on the mucosal side. 4. These findings indicate that SCFA stimulate hydrogen ion secretion through an electrogenic H+-K+-ATPase, the source of hydrogen ions being carbonic anhydrase catalysed hydration of CO2. 5. Simultaneous activation of <artwork name> exchange prevents intracellular accumulation of bicarbonate ions. This system may provide hydrogen ions for protonation of SCFA anions and subsequent absorption by non-ionic diffusion.