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Origin and practical significance of the sticky dough factor in 1BL/1RS wheats

Barbeau, W.E., Schwarzlaff, S.S., Uriyo, M.G., Johnson, J.M., Harris, C.H., Griffey, C.A.
Journal of the science of food and agriculture 2003 v.83 no.1 pp. 29-38
beta-glucans, cakes, cell wall components, chromosome translocation, chromosomes, cookies, dough, ferulic acid, genes, leaf rust, mixing, powdery mildew, proteins, rye, stem rust, stickiness, stripe rust, texture, water solubility, wheat, wheat flour
When translocated into wheat, the short arm of the 1R chromosome of rye carries with it linked resistance genes to powdery mildew, stripe rust, leaf rust and stem rust. The translocation is also reported to increase yield potential of hard wheats. However, many doughs made from some 1BL/1RS hard wheats are unacceptable for breadmaking purposes because of excessive stickiness and mixing intolerance. 1BL/1RS wheats may be sticky because of: the inheritance of secalin proteins from rye and absence of key glutenin subunits; higher amounts and/or differences in the composition of cell wall polysaccharides, β-glucans and pentosans; and/or the presence of a ferulic acid ester moiety residing with the water-soluble fraction of 1BL/1RS flours. None of these hypotheses has been proven or disproven, to date, as a cause of excessive stickiness. Investigators have found that 1BL/1RS doughs are not uniformly sticky and are in some instances less sticky than non-1BL/1RS doughs. Significant genotype–environment interactions have been reported for dough stickiness and flour quality characteristics of 1BL/1RS wheats. Investigators have generally failed to find significant differences in the breadmaking performance of 1BL/1RS and non-1BL/1RS hard wheats despite a report that 1BL/1RS doughs break down and soften during high-speed mixing. The 1BL/1RS translocation has been shown to reduce cookie spread of soft wheat flours but has no deleterious effects on cake volume or texture.