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Detection of temporary flooded areas with potential floodwater mosquito production using imaging radar

Schäfer, Martina L., Lundström, Jan O.
International journal of remote sensing 2012 v.33 no.6 pp. 1943-1953
Aedes stricticus, breeding sites, color, data collection, image analysis, lakes, lowlands, people, principal component analysis, remote sensing, risk, rivers, synthetic aperture radar, time series analysis, vegetation, Sweden
Temporarily flooded areas can produce enormous numbers of floodwater mosquitoes, causing tremendous nuisance to people living in the vicinity. The aim of this study is to develop a remote-sensing method for detecting temporary flooded areas that can produce floodwater mosquitoes. For this objective, synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imagery from the European Remote Sensing satellite (ERS-2) and the Environmental Satellite (Envisat) are chosen. The images cover both flooded and dry periods around Lake Färnebofjärden, located in the lowlands of the River Dalälven, central Sweden, during the vegetation season between 2000 and 2006. Unsupervised classification and principal component analysis (PCA) are tested as methods for detecting floodwater mosquito production sites. In the unsupervised classification experiment, four types of images are tested. The classification of a synthetic colour image gives the best result with an overall accuracy of 85.7% and a kappa value of 0.7, as well as a 46% detection rate of field-mapped flooded areas. PCA is performed on a data set of 16 time series radar images. The resulting principal component (PC) bands provide information about flooding probability as well as vegetation structures. Regular flooding increases the probability for an area to provide breeding sites for floodwater mosquitoes. Thus, this approach will be very useful in estimating the risk of floodwater mosquito establishment.