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Adsorption studies of 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene onto shallow aquifer media at the Luhuagang landfill site in Kaifeng, China

Dong, Wei Hong, Zhang, Yan, Lin, Xue Yu, Tabouré, Aboubacar
Environmental earth sciences 2014 v.71 no.10 pp. 4353-4362
adsorption, aquifers, biodegradation, landfills, least squares, sand, silt, sorption isotherms, China
The Luhuagang landfill site (LLS) in Kaifeng, China, lacks liner and leachate collection systems. Thus, leachate generated from the waste dump has contaminated the surrounding subsoil and shallow aquifer with various chemicals, including 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene (1,2,4-TCB). This paper is a part of a series of studies on adsorption, transport and biodegradation and fate of 1,2,4-TCB in the shallow aquifer beneath LLS. Here, adsorption of 1,2,4-TCB onto silt, fine sand and medium sand aquifer deposits collected at LLS was conducted by performing batch experiments involving four common adsorption kinetic models. The results of the analyses showed that the pseudo-second-order adsorption kinetic model provided the best fit for the equilibrium data with a coefficient of determination (R²) greater than 0.99. Least squares analysis of Henry, Freundlich and Langmuir linearly transformed isotherm models was used to establish the best isotherm for 1,2,4-TCB adsorption onto the three aquifer materials. The Freundlich isotherm provided the best fit for experimental data with R² > 0.99. The results further suggested that the highest adsorption rate of 1,2,4-TCB (27.55 μg/g) was onto silt deposit, followed by fine sand (21.65 μg/g) and medium sand (14.88 μg/g). This showed that silt layer beneath the LLS was critical for retarding the downward percolation and migration of 1,2,4-TCB into the shallow aquifer systems under the landfill. The findings of the study were adopted as basis for designing the slated transport and biodegradation study of 1,2,4-TCB in aquifer system at LLS.