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Evaluation of Heat Treatment Schedules for Emerald Ash Borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae)

Myers, Scott W., Fraser, Ivich, Mastro, Victor C.
Journal of economic entomology 2009 v.102 no.6 pp. 2048
insect pests, Agrilus planipennis, forest pests, Fraxinus, bark, insect control, control methods, fuelwood, logs, quarantine, heat treatment, sterilizing, inhibitors, eclosion, heat tolerance, larvae, pupae, temperature profiles, ambient temperature, mortality
The thermotolerance of the emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), was evaluated by subjecting larvae and prepupae to a number of timetemperature regimes. Three independent experiments were conducted during 2006 and 2007 by heating emerald ash borer infested firewood in laboratory ovens. Heat treatments were established based on the internal wood temperature. Treatments ranged from 45 to 65°C for 30 and 60 min, and the ability of larvae to pupate and emerge as adults was used to evaluate the success of each treatment. A fourth experiment was conducted to examine heat treatments on exposed prepupae removed from logs and subjected to ambient temperatures of 50,55, and 60°C for 15,30,45, and 60 min. Results from the firewood experiments were consistent in the first experiment. Emergence data showed emerald ash borer larvae were capable of surviving a temperatures-time combination up to 60°C for 30 min in wood. The 65°C for 30 min treatment was, however, effective in preventing emerald ash borer emergence on both dates. Conversely, in the second experiment using saturated steam heat, complete mortality was achieved at 50 and 55°C for both 30 and 60 min. Results from the prepupae experiment showed emerald ash borer survivorship in temperature-time combinations up to 55°C for 30 min, and at 50°C for 60 min; 60°C for 15 min and longer was effective in preventing pupation in exposed prepupae. Overall results suggest that emerald ash borer survival is variable depending on heating conditions, and an internal wood temperature of 60°C for 60 min should be considered the minimum for safe treatment for firewood.