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Enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose hydrates

Kobayashi, Kayoko, Kimura, Satoshi, Kim, Ung-Jin, Tokuyasu, Ken, Wada, Masahisa
Cellulose 2012 v.19 no.3 pp. 967-974
X-ray diffraction, adsorption, biodegradability, cellulose, endo-1,4-beta-glucanase, enzymatic hydrolysis, hydrolysis, hydrophobicity
We prepared two cellulose hydrates, Na-cellulose IV and cellulose II hydrate, along with their respective anhydrous forms, cellulose II and II′, from microcrystalline cellulose. X-ray diffractometry analysis showed that the structure of the hydrophobic stacking sheet was conserved in the samples, but the distance between the sheets was in the order: cellulose II hydrate > Na-cellulose IV > cellulose II and II′. The hydrates exhibited an expanded structure compared with the anhydrous form from the incorporation of hydrate water, and cellulose II hydrate contained more hydrate water than Na-cellulose IV. Enzymatic hydrolysis of the samples was carried out at 37 °C using solutions comprising a mixture of cellulase and β-glucosidase. The hydrates were hydrolyzed more efficiently than the anhydrous forms, and cellulose II hydrate showed a more efficient hydrolysis than Na-cellulose IV. This result also agrees well with the enzymatic adsorption properties of each sample, where the samples that adsorbed the greater amount of enzyme showed a higher degradability. The results obtained in this study provide useful knowledge on controlling the biodegradability of cellulose by converting its structure.