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Urban climate and clues of heat island events in the metropolitan area of Rio de Janeiro

Lucena, Andrews José de, Rotunno Filho, Otto Corrêa, França, José Ricardo de Almeida, Peres, Leonardo de Faria, Xavier, Luciano Nóbrega Rodrigues
Theoretical and applied climatology 2013 v.111 no.3-4 pp. 497-511
land use, suburban areas, surface temperature, tropics, urban areas, Brazil
This paper aims to map the thermal field in the metropolitan region of Rio de Janeiro (MARJ) considering the atmospheric characteristics and the land use that contribute to understanding the urban heat island. Three thermal maps are defined through the use of Landsat5-TM satellite images for three winter events chosen for the decades of 1980, 1990, and 2000, respectively. The results reveal a concentration of warmer cores in urban central areas as well as some local warmer areas in suburban region. Sites with lower temperatures correspond to vegetated areas which are away from the central part of the MARJ, including points of suburban areas. This work emphasizes the importance of the combined analysis of surface temperature with land use and atmospheric conditions, depicting a distinct pattern of heat islands for tropical climate.