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Autumn olive: a potential alternative crop
- Fordham, I.M., Zimmerman, R.H., Black, B.L., Clevidence, B.M., Wiley, E.R.
- Acta horticulturae 2003 no.626 pp. 429
- Elaeagnus umbellata, alternative crops, lycopene, medicinal properties, fruits (plant anatomy), chemical constituents of plants
- Autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb.) is not commonly grown for its fruit in the U.S., except for the purpose of attracting wildlife. Due to its ability to fix nitrogen, drought and disease resistance, and tolerance of poor soil, autumn olive has been widely planted in distressed areas and along highways to prevent soil erosion. The edible fruit, brilliant red or yellow in color, is exceptionally high in the antioxidant carotenoid lycopene and several other carotenoids. Lycopene has been associated with prevention of certain chronic diseases, including prostate cancer.