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Entamoeba histolytica calreticulin: an endoplasmic reticulum protein expressed by trophozoites into experimentally induced amoebic liver abscesses

González, Enrique, García de Leon, Maria del Carmen, Meza, Isaura, Ocadiz-Delgado, Rodolfo, Gariglio, Patricio, Silva-Olivares, Angelica, Galindo-Gómez, Silvia, Shibayama, Mineko, Morán, Patricia, Valadez, Alicia, Limón, Angelica, Rojas, Liliana, Hernández, Eric G., Cerritos, René, Ximenez, Cecilia
Parasitology research 2011 v.108 no.2 pp. 439-449
Entamoeba histolytica, amebiasis, calreticulin, endoplasmic reticulum, gene overexpression, hamsters, host-parasite relationships, humans, in vivo studies, liver abscess, microscopy, parasites, pathogenesis, patients, recombinant antibodies, trophozoites
Entamoeba histolytica calreticulin (EhCRT) is remarkably immunogenic in humans (90–100% of invasive amoebiasis patients). Nevertheless, the study of calreticulin in this protozoan is still in its early stages. The exact location, biological functions, and its role in pathogenesis are yet to be fully understood. The aim of the present work is to determine the location of EhCRT in virulent trophozoites in vivo and the expression of the Ehcrt gene during the development of experimentally induced amoebic liver abscesses (ALA) in hamsters. Antibodies against recombinant EhCRT were used for the immunolocalization of EhCRT in trophozoites through confocal microscopy; immunohistochemical assays were also performed on tissue sections of ALAs at different times after intrahepatic inoculation. The expression of the Ehcrt gene during the development of ALA was estimated through both in situ RT-PCR and real-time RT-PCR. Confocal assays of virulent trophozoites showed a distribution of EhCRT in the cytoplasmic vesicles of different sizes. Apparently, EhCRT is not exported into the hepatic tissue. Real-time RT-PCR demonstrated an over-expression of the Ehcrt gene at 30 min after trophozoite inoculation, reaching a peak at 1–2 h; thereafter, the expression fell sharply to its original levels. These results demonstrate for the first time in an in vivo model of ALA, the expression of Ehcrt gene in E. histolytica trophozoites and add evidence that support CRT as a resident protein of the ER in E. histolytica species. The in vivo experiments suggest that CRT may play an important role during the early stages of the host–parasite relationship, when the parasite is adapting to a new environment, although the protein seems to be constitutively synthesized. Moreover, trophozoites apparently do not export EhCRT into the hepatic tissue in ALA.