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Comparative organochlorine accumulation in two ecologically similar shark species (Carcharodon carcharias and Carcharhinus obscurus) with divergent uptake based on different life history

Author:
Beaudry, Marina C., Hussey, Nigel E., McMeans, Bailey C., McLeod, Anne M., Wintner, Sabine P., Cliff, Geremy, Dudley, Sheldon F. J., Fisk, Aaron T.
Source:
Environmental toxicology and chemistry 2015 v.34 no.9 pp. 2051-2060
ISSN:
0730-7268
Subject:
Carcharhinus, Carcharodon carcharias, carbon, diet, habitat preferences, life history, ontogeny, predation, seals, sharks, thermoregulation
Abstract:
Trophic position and body mass are traits commonly used to predict organochlorine burdens. Sharks, however, have a variety of feeding and life history strategies and metabolize lipid uniquely. Because of this diversity, and the lipid‐association of organochlorines, the dynamics of organochlorine accumulation in sharks may be predicted ineffectively by stable isotope‐derived trophic position and body mass, as is typical for other taxa. The present study compared ontogenetic organochlorine profiles in the dusky shark (Carcharhinus obscurus) and white shark (Carcharodon carcharias), which differ in metabolic thermoregulation and trophic position throughout their ontogeny. Although greater organochlorine concentrations were observed in the larger bodied and higher trophic position white shark (e.g., p,p′‐dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene: 20.2 ± 2.7 ng/g vs 9.3 ± 2.2 ng/g in the dusky shark), slopes of growth‐dilution corrected concentrations with age were equal to those of the dusky shark. Similar ontogenetic trophic position increases in both species, less frequent white shark seal predation than previously assumed, or inaccurate species‐specific growth parameters are possible explanations. Inshore habitat use (indicated by δ¹³C values) and mass were important predictors in white and dusky sharks, respectively, of both overall compound profiles and select organochlorine concentrations. The present study clarified understanding of trophic position and body mass as reliable predictors of interspecific organochlorine accumulation in sharks, whereas regional endothermy and diet shifting were shown to have less impact on overall rates of accumulation. Environ Toxicol Chem 2015;34:2051–2060. © 2015 SETAC
Agid:
4032622