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Experimental Infections with Wild and Mutant Yersinia pseudotuberculosis Strains in Rabbits

Author:
Najdenski, H., Vesselinova, A., Golkocheva, E., Garbom, S., Wolf-Watz, H.
Source:
Journal of veterinary medicine. Series B. 2003 v.50 no.6 pp. 280-288
ISSN:
0931-1793
Subject:
Yersinia pseudotuberculosis, antibacterial properties, antibodies, antigens, brain, fever, immunoglobulin G, immunoglobulin M, intestines, leukocytes, lymph nodes, mice, mutants, rabbits, spleen, vaccines, virulence
Abstract:
Experimental oral infections of rabbits with a wild-type Yersinia pseudotuberculosis strain (pIB102), and two null-mutants (yopK and ypkA) were carried out with the aim to explore the possibility to use mutant strains of Y. pseudotuberculosis as live carrier vaccine strains. The infectious process of the three strains proceed with passing hyperthermia, leucocytosis with granulocytosis, moderate monocytosis and a transient lymphopenia, better demonstrated at mutant strain infections. Short-term bacterial dissemination into the brain and viscera was observed at yopK infection. An augmented resistance to bactericidal activity of leucocytes at the initial phase of infection was followed by an increased sensitivity discovered earlier in case of yopK strain accompanied by at least 70- and 20-fold, respectively, for ypkA lower virulence for mice. The level of attenuation of yopK was accompanied by significant Yersinia specific IgG and IgM antibody response. Inflammatory foci were found by morphological examination in brain, lung and small intestines after infection with the wild-type strain, while such foci were only observed in brain and mesenterial lymph nodes after infection with the yopK mutant. After infection with the ypkA mutant foci were found in brain and spleen of the infected animals. Morphological changes in the lymphatic tissue of rabbits infected with mutant strains were consistent with induction of immunogenesis. The data suggest that genetically constructed yopK null-mutant exhibits characteristics that makes the strain suitable to be used as a live carrier vaccine to deliver heterologous antigens.
Agid:
4038421