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Removal of cadmium(II) from aqueous solution by corn stalk graft copolymers

Zheng, Liuchun, Dang, Zhi, Zhu, Chaofei, Yi, Xiaoyun, Zhang, Hui, Liu, Congqiang
Bioresource technology 2010 v.101 no.15 pp. 5820-5826
X-ray diffraction, adsorption, aqueous solutions, cadmium, calorimeters, composite polymers, corn stover, equations, ions, models, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, pH
Corn stalk was modified using graft copolymerization to produce absorbent (AGCS), which was characterized by elemental analysis, fourier transform infrared, X-ray diffraction, solid-state CP/MAS ¹³C NMR spectra, thermogravimetric analysis and differential scanning calorimeter. AGCS, having cyano group (-CN) after grafted successfully, exhibits more high adsorption potential for Cd(II) than unmodified forms. The efficiency of AGCS for removal of cadmium ions was evaluated. Factors affecting Cd(II) adsorption such as pH value and adsorbent dosage were investigated. More than 90% removal was achieved at pH 3.0-7.0 and the adsorption increased from 16.0% to 99.2% with increase of adsorbent dose. In addition, two isotherm models, namely, Langmuir and Freunlich were also analyzed to determine the best fit equation for adsorption of Cd(II) on AGCS.