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Isolation of proline-based cyclic dipeptides from Bacillus sp. N strain associated with rhabitid entomopathogenic nematode and its antimicrobial properties

Kumar, Nishanth, Mohandas, C., Nambisan, Bala, Kumar, D. R. Soban, Lankalapalli, Ravi S.
World journal of microbiology & biotechnology 2013 v.29 no.2 pp. 355-364
Bacillus (bacteria), Cylas formicarius elegantulus, Fusarium oxysporum, Rhabditis, Thanatephorus cucumeris, antimicrobial properties, apples, bacteria, biological control agents, carbendazim, cell free system, crops, dipeptides, entomopathogenic nematodes, farms, fungi, fungicides, insect larvae, oranges, plant pathogens, secondary metabolites
Entomopathogenic nematodes (EPN) are well-known as biological control agents and are found to have associated bacteria which can produce a wide range of bioactive secondary metabolites. We report herewith isolation of six proline containing cyclic dipeptides cyclo(D-Pro-L-Leu), cyclo(L-Pro-L-Met), cyclo(D-Pro-L-Phe), cyclo(L-Pro-L-Phe), cyclo(L-Pro-L-Tyr) and cyclo(L-Pro-D-Tyr) from ethyl acetate extract of the Luria Broth (LB) cell free culture filtrate of Bacillus sp. strain N associated with a new EPN Rhabditis sp. from sweet potato weevil grubs collected from Central Tuber Crops Research Institute farm. Antimicrobial studies of these 2,5-diketopiperazines (DKPs) against both medicinally and agriculturally important bacterium and fungi showed potent inhibitory values in the range of μg/mL. Cyclic dipeptides showed significantly higher activity than the commercial fungicide bavistin against agriculturally important fungi, viz., Fusarium oxysporum, Rhizoctonia solani, and Pencillium expansum. The highest activity of 2 μg/mL by cyclo(L-Pro-L-Phe) was recorded against P. expansum, a plant pathogen responsible for causing post harvest decay of stored apples and oranges. To our knowledge, this is the first report on the isolation of these DKPs from Rhabditis EPN bacterial strain Bacillus sp.