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Immunosuppression in bitches with pyometra

Faldyna, M., Laznicka, A., Toman, M.
journal of small animal practice 2001 v.42 no.1 pp. 5-10
animal age, antigen-antibody complex, bitches, blood sampling, disease severity, immunologic techniques, lymphocyte proliferation, lymphocytes, pyometra
The function of the immune system was studied in 34 bitches affected by pyometra. The mean age of the animals was 8‐1 2–8 years. Samples of peripheral blood were examined using a battery of immunological tests. Data obtained from four sets of animals, grouped according to the severity of their disease, were compared. Leucocytosis (neutrophilia and partial monocytosis) and lymphopenia were detected in 62 per cent and 35 per cent of the bitches, respectively. The increase in the number of leucocytes was higher in the severely affected bitches. Inhibition of mitogen‐driven lymphocyte proliferation was the characteristic feature of the immunological profile in bitches affected by pyometra, and this corresponded with the impairment of the general state of health. Sera from bitches showing functional inhibition of lymphocytes suppressed the activity of lymphocytes isolated from normal dogs. Sera from bitches affected by pyometra also had higher levels of immunoglobulins, lysqzyme and circulating immune complexes. It can be concluded that pyometra Is associated with an inflammatory response, but also with a marked suppression of immune system activity.