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Introduction and nutritional evaluation of germinated soy germ

Author:
Kim, Sun-Lim, Lee, Jae-Eun, Kwon, Young-Up, Kim, Wook-Han, Jung, Gun-Ho, Kim, Dea-Wook, Lee, Choon-Ki, Lee, Yu-Young, Kim, Mi-Jung, Kim, Yul-Ho, Hwang, Tae-Young, Chung, Ill-Min
Source:
Food chemistry 2013 v.136 no.2 pp. 491-500
ISSN:
0308-8146
Subject:
carbon, foods, free amino acids, gamma-aminobutyric acid, germ, germination, linoleic acid, nitrogen, nutritive value, protein content, sugars, temperature, tocopherols, water
Abstract:
Germinated soy germ (GSG) were developed and evaluated for their nutritional value. Separated soy germ was germinated at room temperature for 24h under running water. As germination progressed, the protein and fibre content of GSG increased slightly, while the lipid and carbon to nitrogen (C/N) ratio decreased; free amino acids including GABA increased considerably while free sugars decreased. Linoleic and linolenic acid were the most abundant unsaturated fatty acids in soy germ, and slight changes were observed in GSG. The tocopherol and isoflavone contents showed a rapid increase of 32.4% and 27.9%, respectively, during germination. The abundance of GABA, isoflavones and tocopherols demonstrates the high nutritional value of GSG and suggests that GSG can be utilised as a reasonable and effective source of healthy foods.
Agid:
404911