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The effects of olive oil emulsified alginate on the physico-chemical, sensory, microbial, and fatty acid profiles of low-salt, inulin-enriched sausages

Beriain, M.J., Gómez, I., Petri, E., Insausti, K., Sarriés, M.V.
Meat science 2011 v.88 no.1 pp. 189-197
Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella, backfat, calcium chloride, chorizo, color, emulsifying, emulsions, fatty acid composition, inulin, lactic acid bacteria, monounsaturated fatty acids, olive oil, pork, potassium chloride, proximate composition, sensory evaluation, sodium alginate, sodium chloride, taste, texture, water activity
This paper examines variations in the quality of low-salt, inulin enriched Pamplona-style chorizo, in which some of the pork back fat was replaced with olive oil. Four different sausage formulations were prepared in which 50% of the pork back fat was replaced with olive oil emulsified with alginate and 58% of the sodium chloride was replaced with 20% potassium chloride and 38% calcium chloride. Four lots were prepared, three with 3%, 6% and 10% proportions of added inulin were labeled O–I 3%, O–I 6% and O–I 10%, respectively; while one, lot O, was without inulin. These four formulations were compared with a control manufactured according to the traditional formula using pork back fat. The various lots were tested for proximate analysis, pH, processing loss, water activity, lactic acid bacteria, Salmonella and Listeria monocytogenes, physico-chemical composition, instrumental colour (CIE L*a*b*), texture profile and fatty acid composition during mixing and at days 3, 10, 17, 24 and 31 of the drying process. A sensory evaluation was also performed by a seven-member trained panel, to obtain a descriptive analysis of the taste, texture and appearance of the product. The addition of olive oil alginate emulsion and inulin, O–I 6%, resulted in a low-salt, reduced-fat product (20% less fat than traditional sausage), richer in monounsaturated fatty acids (10%), while retaining sensory notes similar to those of the traditional chorizo used as a control and achieved a good acceptability rating.