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A synopsis of membrane technologies in UK municipal potable water treatment: history, status and prospects
- Rachwal, Tony, Judd, Simon
- Water and environment journal 2006 v.20 no.3 pp. 110-113
- artificial membranes, desalination, drinking water, microfiltration, public water supply, ultrafiltration, wastewater, water filters, water treatment, United Kingdom
- The current status of membrane filtration for potable water and wastewater applications is assessed with reference to recent history and key legislative drivers. The current installed capacity for potable water membrane treatment is around 1100 ML/day provided by over 100 plants, with the majority being conventional pumped systems using hollow fibre ultrafiltration (UF) or microfiltration (MF) membranes. An examination of the distribution of membrane plants reveals that capacity is provided predominantly by two commercial UF/MF membrane suppliers, but that a large number of smaller nanofiltration plants have been installed in one UK region. Future prospects for desalination are considered.