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Biosynthesis and mobilization of a novel polyhydroxyalkanoate containing 3-hydroxy-4-methylvalerate monomer produced by Burkholderia sp. USM (JCM15050)

Lau, Nyok-Sean, Chee, Jiun-Yee, Tsuge, Takeharu, Sudesh, Kumar
Bioresource technology 2010 v.101 no.20 pp. 7916-7923
Aeromonas punctata, Burkholderia, acids, biosynthesis, fructose, genes, glucose, polymers
We attempted to synthesize a polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) containing newly reported 3-hydroxy-4-methylvalerate (3H4MV) monomer by using wild type Burkholderia sp. USM (JCM15050) and its transformed strain harboring the PHA synthase gene of Aeromonas caviae (phaCAc ). The introduction of 3H4MV as a second monomer will improve the material properties of 3HB-based polymers. To promote the accumulation of PHA containing 3H4MV monomer, isocaproic acid was provided as co-carbon source. Approximately 1mol% of 3H4MV was detected in wild type Burkholderia sp. cultures when they were fed glucose or fructose together with isocaproic acid. Thus, the wild type strain can synthesize the 3H4MV monomer. High 3H4MV fractions, of about 40mol%, were obtained when the transformed strain was cultivated on glucose or fructose together with isocaproic acid. In addition, the ability of the transformed strain to mobilize accumulated PHA containing 3H4MV monomer was demonstrated in this study. This is the first report on mobilization of the 3H4MV monomer.