Jump to Main Content
Use of fiber and fuzz mutants to detect QTL for yield components, seed, and fiber traits of upland cotton
- An, Chuanfu, Jenkins, Johnie N., Wu, Jixiang, Guo, Yufang, McCarty, Jack C.
- Euphytica 2010 v.172 no.1 pp. 21
- Gossypium hirsutum, cotton, mutants, quantitative trait loci, crop yield, yield components, fiber quality, genetic markers, loci, genotype, genetic variation, phenotype, epistasis, embryo (plant), protein content
- This research detected QTL or molecular markers associated with yield, fiber, and seed traits within multiple fuzz and fiber loci genetic backgrounds. Two F₂ populations from crosses of MD17, a fuzzless-lintless line containing three fuzzless loci, N ₁ , n ₂ and a postulated n ₃ , with line 181, fuzzless-linted and with FM966, a fuzzy-linted cultivar, were used. QTL explaining 68.3 (population with FM966) to 87.1% (population with 181) of the phenotypic variation for lint percentage and 62.8% (population with 181) for lint index were detected in the vicinity of BNL3482-138 on chromosome 26. Single marker regression analyses indicated STV79-108, on the long arm of chromosome 12 had significant association with lint percentage (R ² 26.7%), lint index (R ² 30.6%), embryo protein percentage (R ² 15.4%) and micronaire (R ² 20.0%). Two-locus epistatic interactions were also observed. Results from this research will facilitate further understanding the complex mechanisms of yield, fiber, and seed traits of cotton.