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Concurrence of cat and tet Genes in Multiple Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria Isolated from a Sea Cucumber and Sea Urchin Mariculture Farm in China

Dang, Hongyue, Song, Linsheng, Chen, Mingna, Chang, Yaqing
Microbial ecology 2006 v.52 no.4 pp. 634-643
Echinoidea, Holothuroidea, Pseudoalteromonas atlantica, Vibrio, antibiotic resistance, bacteria, chloramphenicol, farms, genes, mariculture, oxytetracycline, ponds, China
A basic understanding of abundance and diversity of antibiotic-resistant microbes and their genetic determinants is necessary for finding a way to prevent and control the spread of antibiotic resistance. For this purpose, chloramphenicol and multiple antibiotic-resistant bacteria were screened from a mariculture farm in northern China. Both sea cucumber and sea urchin rearing ponds were populated with abundant antibiotic-resistant bacteria, especially marine vibrios. Sixty-five percent chloramphenicol-resistant isolates from sea cucumber harbored a cat gene, either cat IV or cat II, whereas 35% sea urchin isolates harbored a cat gene, actually cat II. The predominant resistance determinant cat IV gene mainly occurred in isolates related to Vibrio tasmaniensis or Pseudoalteromonas atlantica, and the cat II gene mainly occurred in Vibrio splendidus-like isolates. All the cat-positive isolates also harbored one or two of the tet genes, tet(D), tet(B), or tet(A). As no chloramphenicol-related antibiotic was ever used, coselection of the cat genes by other antibiotics, especially oxytetracycline, might be the cause of the high incidence of cat genes in the mariculture farm studied.