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A plasma metabonomic investigation into the intervention of volatile oil of Magnolia biondii Pamp on rat model of acute inflammation

Qi, Yunpeng, Qu, Liping, Wu, Yutian, Fan, Guorong
Journal of ethnopharmacology 2011 v.137 no.1 pp. 487-494
Magnolia, anti-inflammatory activity, buds, cholesterol metabolism, gas chromatography, inflammation, linoleic acid, mass spectrometry, metabolomics, models, oils, oleic acid, palmitic acid, principal component analysis, rats, stearic acid, subcutaneous injection, traditional medicine
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The dried flower buds of Magnolia biondii Pamp (Magnoliaceae) possesses significant anti-inflammatory activities. AIM OF THE STUDY: Volatile oil in Magnolia biondii Pamp (VOMbP) is considered to be important pharmacologically active individuals against acute inflammation, but its exact anti-inflammatory mechanism remains elusive. In this study, we aimed to investigate the intervention of VOMbP on rats with acute inflammation and explore the possible anti-inflammatory mechanisms of VOMbP with metabonomic strategy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Acute inflammation was induced by subcutaneously injection of carrageenan in the rats. Plasma was analyzed using gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS), based on which the principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares-discriminate analysis (PLS-DA) models were established for metabonomic analysis. RESULTS: It was revealed that the pretreatment of VOMbP in acute inflammatory rats induces a substantial and characteristic change in their metabolic profiles. Some significantly changed metabolites, including hexadecanoic acid, linoleic acid, oleic acid, stearic acid, and cholesterol, were found to be reasonable in explaining the anti-inflammatory mechanism of VOMbP. CONCLUSIONS: In all, it is likely that VOMbP intervenes the metabolic process of inflammatory rats by affecting the fatty acid and cholesterol metabolism. Our work also indicated that the metabonomics method is a promising tool for performing intervention and mechanism research of traditional Chinese medicines.