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Distribution of geogenic arsenic in hydrologic systems: Controls and challenges

Mukherjee, Abhijit, Bhattacharya, Prosun, Savage, Kaye, Foster, Andrea, Bundschuh, Jochen
Journal of contaminant hydrology 2008 v.99 no.1-4 pp. 1-7
arsenic, drinking water, groundwater contamination, hydrology, poisoning, stratigraphy, temporal variation
The presence of elevated concentration of arsenic (As) in natural hydrologic systems is regarded as the most formidable environmental crisis in the contemporary world. With its substantial presence in the drinking water of more than thirty countries worldwide, and with an affected population of more than 100 million, it has been termed as the largest mass poisoning in human history. In this special issue, we have tried to provide the most recent research advances on controls and challenges of this severe groundwater contaminant. The articles in this issue, originally presented in the 2006 Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, address the distribution of As in various geologic and geographic settings, the controls of redox and other geochemical parameters on its spatial and temporal variability, the influence of sedimentology and stratigraphy on its occurrence, and mechanisms controlling its mobility. The knowledge available from these studies should provide a roadmap for future research in arsenic contamination hydrology.