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Comparative Toxicokinetics, Absolute Oral Bioavailability, and Biotransformation of Zearalenone in Different Poultry Species

Devreese, Mathias, Antonissen, Gunther, Broekaert, Nathan, Baere, Siegrid de, Vanhaecke, Lynn, Backer, Patrick de, Croubels, Siska
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2015 v.63 no.20 pp. 5092-5098
bioavailability, biotransformation, broiler chickens, intravenous injection, laying hens, pharmacokinetics, poults, turkeys, zearalenone
After oral (PO) and intravenous (IV) administration of zearalenone (ZEN) to broiler chickens, laying hens, and turkey poults, the mycotoxin was rapidly absorbed (T max = 0.32-0.97 h) in all three species; however, the absolute oral bioavailability was low (F% = 6.87-10.28%). Next, also a rapid elimination of the mycotoxin in all poultry species was observed (T 1/2el = 0.29-0.46 h). Both α- and β-zearalenone (ZEL) were formed equally after IV administration in all species studied, whereas an increased biotransformation to β-ZEL was demonstrated after PO administration, indicating presystemic biotransformation mainly in broiler chickens and laying hens. In comparison to the latter, turkey poults demonstrated a more extensive biotransformation of ZEN to α-ZEL after PO administration which could, in combination with the observed higher volume of distribution of ZEN, indicate a higher sensitivity of this species to the effects of ZEN in comparison to other poultry species.