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Identification of A-series oligomeric procyanidins from pericarp of Litchi chinensis by FT-ICR-MS and LC-MS
- Li, Shuyi, Xiao, Juan, Chen, Lu, Hu, Chonglin, Chen, Peng, Xie, Bijun, Sun, Zhida
- Food chemistry 2012 v.135 no.1 pp. 31-38
- pericarp, procyanidins, spectrometers, Litchi chinensis, free radical scavengers, molecular weight
- Procyanidin oligomers from litchi pericarp (Litchi chinensis) were isolated and identified by online analysis. Accurate molecular weight (MW) distribution and composition of the procyanidin extracts were recorded on an Apex-QeâFTâICR mass spectrometer. The MW range of litchi procyanidins was from 289.07151 to 1439.30529 m/z and composed of A- and B-series oligomeric procyanidins. The variety of the main procyanidins (DP<5) was identified by HPLC and LCâESI-MS analysis. There are more than 41.7% of A-series procyanidins in the oligomeric procyanidins, however, B-series procyanidins takes only 24.1% of the litchi pericarp extracts. In this study, we determined the effects of (â)-epicatechin, A-type procyanidin dimer (A2) and trimer, epicatechin-(4Î²â8, 2Î²âOâ7)-epicatechin-(4Î²â8)-epicatechin from litchi pericarp on free radical scavenging. The results showed that A-type procyanidin dimer and trimer both had a strong scavenging ability on DPPH and OH, indicating that litchi is a new plant source of A-type procyanidins and natural antioxidant.