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Separation of human, bovine, and porcine insulins, three very closely related proteins, by micellar electrokinetic chromatography

Lamalle, Caroline, Roland, Diane, Crommen, Jacques, Servais, Anne‐Catherine, Fillet, Marianne
Electrophoresis 2015 v.36 no.19 pp. 2504-2506
amino acid sequences, ammonium acetate, cattle, drug formulations, electrophoresis, experimental design, humans, insulin, methanol, micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography, pH, proteins, surfactants, swine
Human, bovine, and porcine insulins are small proteins with very closely related amino acid sequences, which makes their separation challenging. In this study, we took advantage of the high‐resolution power of CE, and more particularly of micellar electrokinetic chromatography, to separate those biomolecules. Among several surfactants, perfluorooctanoic acid ammonium salt was selected. Then, using a design of experiments approach, the optimal BGE composition was found to consist of 50 mM ammonium acetate pH 9.0, 65 mM perfluorooctanoic acid ammonium salt, and 4% MeOH. The three insulins could be separated within 12 min with a satisfactory resolution. This method could be useful to detect possible counterfeit pharmaceutical formulations. Indeed, it would be easy to determine if human insulin was replaced by bovine or porcine insulin.