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Photoperiod modulates access of 2,2′,4,4′,5,5′-hexachlorobiphenyl (PCB153) to the brain and its effect on gonadotropin and thyroid hormones in adult ewes

Skipor, Janina, MŁynarczuk, JarosŁaw, Szczepkowska, Aleksandra, Lagaraine, Christine, Grochowalski, Adam, Guillaume, Daniel, Dufourny, Laurence, Thiéry, Jean-Claude
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety 2012 v.78 pp. 336-343
adults, brain, cerebrospinal fluid, ewes, luteinizing hormone, oral administration, photoperiod, polychlorinated biphenyls, reproduction, seasonal variation, triiodothyronine
The effects of photoperiod on the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentration of six ortho-substituted polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs: PCB28, PCB52, PCB101, PCB138, PCB153, and PCB180), the effects of an orally administered low dose of PCB153 (0.3mg/kg, three times a week for three weeks) on PCBs and thyroid hormones (THs) concentrations in the CSF and plasma, and the release of luteinizing hormone (LH) were determined in ovariectomized, estradiol-implanted ewes (2.5 years old) maintained indoors under artificial long day (LD, 16L: 8D) and short day (SD, 8L: 16D) conditions. Concentrations of two PCBs (PCB28 and PCB153) in the plasma and four PCBs in the CSF (PCB101, PCB138, PCB153, and PCB180) were significantly higher during LD than SD. Following PCB153 treatment, its concentration in the plasma was higher in SD (1.2±0.3ng/ml) than LD (0.2±0.05ng/ml), but similar in the CSF (10.2±3.7pg/ml vs. 13±0.7pg/ml) under both photoperiods. During SD, the concentration of PCB153 in the CSF was higher in treated animals than controls, while no differences were noted under LD. These findings indicate that in ewes, exposure of the brain to more highly chlorinated, ortho-substituted PCBs may be modulated by photoperiod. PCB153 treatment had no effect on plasma THs, but reduced total triiodothyronine concentration during LD and free thyroxine during SD in the CSF. Under both photoperiods, PCB153 reduced basal plasma LH and reinforced the inhibition of pulsatile LH release during LD. As PCB153 reduced LH and THs (which are involved in the seasonal control of reproduction in ewes), it may have a braking effect on seasonal transitions between active and inactive phases of reproduction.