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Doppler ultrasonographic assessment of maternal and fetal blood flow in abnormal canine pregnancy
- Blanco, P.G., Rodríguez, R., Rube, A., Arias, D.O., Tórtora, M., Díaz, J.D., Gobello, C.
- Animal reproduction science 2011 v.126 no.1-2 pp. 130-135
- aorta, bitches, blood flow, carotid arteries, luteinizing hormone, pregnancy, puppies, ultrasonography, umbilical arteries
- The aim of this study was to describe the changes of uterine artery, umbilical artery and fetal abdominal aorta, renal and internal carotid arteries blood flow in abnormal canine pregnancy. Twenty-two, Brucella-negative pregnant bitches were retrospectively classified into abnormal (which had either interrupted their pregnancy between days 52 and 60 or had perinatal death >60% of the litter; n=11) and normal (which had delivered healthy puppies at term; n=11). In all the animals, color and pulsed-wave Doppler examinations of uterine artery were conducted every 10 days from Day 20 to 50 from estimated luteinizing hormone peak. Doppler ultrasonography was also conducted in the fetuses to assess umbilical artery, abdominal aorta, renal and internal carotid arteries from Day 40 to 60 of gestation. Throughout the study, resistance index (RI) of uterine, umbilical and fetal renal arteries decreased up to −15% compared to −36% (P<0.01), −11% compared to −23% (P<0.05) and 2% compared to −13% (P<0.05), respectively in the abnormal and normal bitches. Fetal abdominal aorta and internal carotid did not differ between groups (P>0.05). It is concluded that in dogs, uterine artery, umbilical artery and fetal renal artery RI differ between normal and abnormal gestation being useful for the prediction of adverse obstetric outcome.