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Effect of concentrate supplementation on performance, ovarian response, and some biochemical profile of Malpura ewes

Naqvi, S. M. K., Soren, N. M., Karim, S. A.
Tropical animal health and production 2011 v.43 no.5 pp. 905-913
Cenchrus ciliaris, albumins, autumn, blood glucose, blood sampling, estrous cycle, estrus synchronization, ewes, feeds, globulins, hematocrit, hemoglobin, nitrogen content, ovulation, pH, pastures, rams, rumen fermentation, shrubs, urea
Effect of feed flushing on ovulation rate was investigated during the autumn seasons on 24 adult Malpura ewes (BW 34.8 ± 0.58 kg and age 4-7 years) equally divided into two groups. Ewes in G1 (group 1) were grazed 8-10 h daily on Cenchrus ciliaris pasture interspersed with seasonal shrub. In addition to grazing, concentrate was provided at 1.5% of BW to the animals in G2 (group 2) for a period of 35 days. Estrus was synchronized by a double injection schedule of PGF(2α) at 0 and 10 days of the experiment and detected by parading aproned rams at 6 h intervals. Blood samples were collected at weekly interval during the estrous cycle. A rumen fermentation study was conducted on day 23 of the experiment at 0 and 4 h post-concentrate feeding. Ovarian responses in terms of number of corpora lutea and large follicles was examined on all the ewes by laparoscopy after 3 to 6 days of each estrus and were found to be similar in both the groups. Hemoglobin and packed cell volume, total protein, albumin, and globulin were similar among the groups. Concentration of plasma glucose (12 and 22 days) was higher (P < 0.05) in G2 vis-à-vis control. Plasma urea was higher (P < 0.01) in the control than G2. Rumen liquor pH, concentration of total N, TCA-ppt N, NH(3)-N, and TVFA were significantly higher (P < 0.01) in G2 than the control. Thus, it can be concluded that concentrate supplementation in ewes prior to mating (flushing) did not enhance ovulation response during the autumn season.