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Guild structure of ambrosia beetles attacking a deciduous oak tree Quercus serrata in relation to wood oldness and seasonality in three locations in the Central Japan
- SANGUANSUB, Sunisa, GOTO, Hideaki, KAMATA, Naoto
- Entomological science 2012 v.15 no.1 pp. 42-55
- Quercus serrata, ambrosia beetles, cutting, disease incidence, species diversity, trees, vegetation, wilting, wood, Japan
- In order to determine factors influencing ambrosia beetle guilds on Quercus serrata, we investigated ambrosia beetles guilds by using Q.âserrata bait logs in three locations in the Central Japan. Timing of cutting trees and timing of exposure were artificially controlled. Influences of location, timing of cutting, timing of exposure and wood oldness on species richness, abundances and guild structure were analyzed. Species richness and abundance peaked on bolts prepared in AprilâMay, on bolts exposed in July, and on 2â3âmonthâold bolts. Eliminating greatest influences of location on abundance, results of hierarchical partitioning showed that timing of cutting trees had a strong influence on both species richness and abundance. LOCâA (Aichi), in which Japanese oak wilt disease incidence occurred, showed the greatest species richness and the smallest value of Pielou's evenness. Abundance of the most major species was more than twice that of the second major species, which was a likely cause of the smallest evenness in LOCâA. Trees killed by the Japanese oak wilt disease may have increased the abundance of the major species. On the contrary, in LOCâC (Chichibu), alpha and beta diversity both given by Shannon index and Pielou's evenness were greatest among the three locations although species richness was smallest. High similarity between guilds in LOCâA and LOCâB (Chiba) was probably caused by similarity in vegetation. The location had the greatest effect on determining guild structure. Effect of timing of exposure was greater than timing of cutting. The effect of wood oldness was negligible. A hierarchical structure among the three factors was a likely cause of their relative importance determining guild structure.