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Integration of algae cultivation as biodiesel production feedstock with municipal wastewater treatment: Strains screening and significance evaluation of environmental factors

Li, Yecong, Zhou, Wenguang, Hu, Bing, Min, Min, Chen, Paul, Ruan, Roger R.
Bioresource technology 2011 v.102 no.23 pp. 10861-10867
Chlamydomonas, Chlorella, Haematococcus, Scenedesmus, biodiesel, biomass production, carbon dioxide, chemical oxygen demand, environmental impact, feedstocks, light intensity, nitrogen, nutrients, phosphorus, photophase, screening, wastewater treatment
The objectives of this study are to find the robust strains for the centrate cultivation system and to evaluate the effect of environmental factors including light intensity, light–dark cycle, and exogenous CO₂ concentration on biomass accumulation, wastewater nutrient removal and biodiesel production. The results showed that all 14 algae strains from the genus of Chlorella, Haematococcus, Scenedesmus, Chlamydomonas, and Chloroccum were able to grow on centrate. The highest net biomass accumulation (2.01g/L) was observed with Chlorella kessleri followed by Chlorella protothecoides (1.31g/L), and both of them were proved to be capable of mixotrophic growth when cultivated on centrate. Environmental factors had significant effect on algal biomass accumulation, wastewater nutrients removal and biodiesel production. Higher light intensity and exogenous CO₂ concentration with longer lighting period promote biomass accumulation, biodiesel production, as well as the removal of chemical oxygen demand and nitrogen, while, lower exogenous CO₂ concentration promotes phosphorus removal.