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Nitrogen Uptake by Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Exposed to Low Water Temperatures at Different Growth Stages

Shimono, H., Fujimura, S., Nishimura, T., Hasegawa, T.
Journal of agronomy and crop science 2012 v.198 no.2 pp. 145-151
Oryza sativa, canopy, developmental stages, field experimentation, growing season, inflorescences, irrigation water, models, nitrogen, nitrogen content, rice, vegetative growth, water temperature, Japan
The responses of nitrogen (N) uptake by rice (Oryza sativa L.) to low water temperatures at different growth stages were examined during a 3‐year field trial in northern Japan. Cool irrigation water was applied at two to three temperature levels (16–25 °C) for 20–34 days during the vegetative stage and then during reproductive growth. We measured the N uptake rate, N content and canopy radiation interception during both growth stages. Exposure to low water temperature during either the vegetative or the reproductive growth stage slowed N uptake, and the magnitude of the decrease differed between the growth stages; the decrease was greater during vegetative growth than during reproductive growth. Consequently, total N uptake at maturity was most strongly reduced by low water temperature during vegetative growth and was not affected by low water temperature during reproductive growth, even though N distribution to the panicle was greatly reduced. The variations in N uptake during the growing season among growth stages and years were explained better by the amount of canopy radiation capture than by the number of degree‐days based on water temperature. This strong dependency on canopy radiation capture improves our understanding of the factors responsible for variations in N uptake under different levels of water temperature, and this knowledge will provide an opportunity to simplify the modelling of N uptake.