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Fine genetic mapping of greenbug aphid-resistance gene Gb3 in Aegilops tauschii

Azhaguvel, Perumal, Rudd, Jackie C., Ma, Yaqin, Luo, Ming-Cheng, Weng, Yiqun
Theoretical and applied genetics 2012 v.124 no.3 pp. 555-564
germplasm, restriction fragment length polymorphism, microsatellite repeats, Aegilops tauschii, grain crops, bacterial artificial chromosomes, loci, marker-assisted selection, Schizaphis graminum, telomeres, expressed sequence tags, wheat, biotypes, chromosome mapping, Triticum aestivum, pests, hexaploidy, genetic markers
The greenbug, Schizaphis graminum (Rondani), is an important aphid pest of small grain crops especially wheat (Triticum aestivum L., 2n = 6x = 42, genomes AABBDD) in many parts of the world. The greenbug-resistance gene Gb3 originated from Aegilops tauschii Coss. (2n = 2x = 14, genome DᵗDᵗ) has shown consistent and durable resistance against prevailing greenbug biotypes in wheat fields. We previously mapped Gb3 in a recombination-rich, telomeric bin of wheat chromosome arm 7DL. In this study, high-resolution genetic mapping was carried out using an F₂:₃ segregating population derived from two Ae. tauschii accessions, the resistant PI 268210 (original donor of Gb3 in the hexaploid wheat germplasm line ‘Largo’) and susceptible AL8/78. Molecular markers were developed by exploring bin-mapped wheat RFLPs, SSRs, ESTs and the Ae. tauschii physical map (BAC contigs). Wheat EST and Ae. tauschii BAC end sequences located in the deletion bin 7DL3-0.82–1.00 were used to design STS (sequence tagged site) or CAPS (Cleaved Amplified Polymorphic Sequence) markers. Forty-five PCR-based markers were developed and mapped to the chromosomal region spanning the Gb3 locus. The greenbug-resistance gene Gb3 now was delimited in an interval of 1.1 cM by two molecular markers (HI067J6-R and HI009B3-R). This localized high-resolution genetic map with markers closely linked to Gb3 lays a solid foundation for map based cloning of Gb3 and marker-assisted selection of this gene in wheat breeding.