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Genetics of Cyst Nematode Resistance in Soybean PIs 467312 and 507354

Lu, P., Shannon, J.G., Sleper, D.A., Nguyen, H.T., Cianzio, S.R., Arelli, P.R.
Euphytica 2006 v.149 no.3 pp. 259
Glycine max, soybeans, germplasm, plant genetic resources, pest resistance, Heterodera glycines, cyst nematodes, races, inheritance (genetics), dominant genes, recessive genes, gene segregation
Soybean Cyst nematode (SCN) Heterodera glycines Ichinohe is the most serious pest of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] in the world and genetic resistance in soybean cultivars have been the most effective means of control. Nematode populations, however, are variable and have adapted to reproduce on resistant cultivars over time due mainly to the narrow genetic base of SCN resistance in G. max. The majority of the resistant cultivars trace to two soybean accessions. It is hoped that new sources of resistance might provide durable resistance. Soybean plant introductions PI 467312 and PI 507354, are unique because they provide resistance to several nematode populations, i.e. SCN HG types 0, 2.7, and (corresponding to races 3, 5, and 14) and HG types 2.5.7, 0, and 2.7 (corresponding to races 1, 3, and 5), respectively. The genetic basis of SCN resistance in these PIs is not yet known. We have investigated the inheritance of resistance to SCN HG types 0, 2.7, and (races 3, 5, and14) in PI467312 and the SCN resistance to SCN HG types 2.5.7 and 2.7 (races 1 and 5) in PI 507354. PI 467312 was crossed to 'Marcus', a susceptible cultivar to generate F1 hybrids, 196 random F2 individuals, and 196 F2:3 families (designated as Pop 467). PI 507354 and the cultivar Hutcheson, susceptible to all known SCN races, were crossed to generate F1 hybrids, 225 random F2 individuals and 225 F2:3 families (designated as Pop 507). The F2:3 families from each cross were evaluated for responses to the specific SCN HG types in the greenhouse. Chi-square (χ2) analyses showed resistance from PI 467312 to HG types 2.7, and (races 5 and 14) in Pop 467 were conditioned by one dominant and two recessive genes (Rhg rhg rhg) and resistance to HG type 0 (race 3) was controlled by three recessive genes (rhg rhg rhg). The 225 F2:3 progenies in Pop 507 showed a segregation of 2:223 (R:S) for response to both HG types 2.5.7 and 2.7 (corresponding to races 1 and 5). The Chi-square analysis showed SCN resistance from PI 507354 fit a one dominant and 3 recessive gene model (Rhg rhg rhg rhg). This information will be useful to soybean breeders who use these sources to develop SCN resistant cultivars. The complex inheritance patterns determined for the two PIs are similar to the three and four gene models for other SCN resistance sources known to date.