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Anti-hyperuricemic and nephroprotective effects of Modified Simiao Decoction in hyperuricemic mice

Hua, Jian, Huang, Ping, Zhu, Chong-Mei, Yuan, Xiao, Yu, Chen-Huan
Journal of ethnopharmacology 2012 v.142 no.1 pp. 248-252
Western blotting, allopurinol, anions, creatinine, excretion, kidneys, liver, mice, models, oxidative stress, protein synthesis, superoxide dismutase, transporters, uric acid, urine
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Modified Simiao Decoction (MSD), based on clinical experience, has been used for decades and famous for its efficiency in treating hyperuricemic and gouty diseases. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the effects of MSD on anti-hyperuricemic and nephroprotective effects are involved in potassium oxonate-induced hyperuricemic mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The effects of MSD were investigated in hyperuricemic mice induced by potassium oxonate. MSD were fed to hyperuricemic mice daily at a dose of 0.45, 0.90, 1.80g/kg for 10 days, and allopurinol (5mg/kg) was given as a positive control. Serum and urine levels of uric acid and creatinine, and fractional excretion of uric acid (FEUA) were determined by colorimetric method. Its nephroprotective effects were evaluated by determining a panel of oxidative stress markers after the intervention in hyperuricemic mice. Simultaneously, protein levels of urate transporter 1 (URAT1) and organic anion transporter 1 (OAT1) in the kidney were analyzed by Western blotting. RESULTS: MSD could inhibit XOD activities in serum and liver, decrease levels of serum uric acid, serum creatinine and BUN, and increased levels of urine uric acid, urine creatinine, FEUA dose-dependently through down-regulation of URAT1 and up-regulation of OAT1 protein expressions in the renal tissue of hyperuricemic mice. It also effectively reversed oxonate-induced alterations on renal MDA levels and SOD activities in this model. CONCLUSION: MSD processes uricosuric and nephroprotective actions by regulating renal urate transporters and enhancing antioxidant enzymes activities to improve renal dysfunction in hyperuricemic mice.