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Arsenic removal from waters by bioremediation with the aquatic plants Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) and Lesser Duckweed (Lemna minor)

Alvarado, Sandra, Guédez, Magdiel, Lué-Merú, Marcó P., Nelson, Graterol, Alvaro, Anzalone, Jesús, Arroyo C., Gyula, Záray
Bioresource technology 2008 v.99 no.17 pp. 8436-8440
Eichhornia crassipes, Lemna minor, aquatic plants, arsenic, atomic absorption spectrometry, bioaccumulation, biomass production, bioremediation, hydrides, plant density
In this study the removal of arsenic by the Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) and Lesser Duckweed (Lemna minor) was monitored under a concentration of 0.15mgL⁻¹ of the element. Plant densities were 1kg/m² for Lesser Duckweed and 4kg/m² for Water Hyacinth on a wet basis. The arsenic was determined in foliar tissue and water samples by hydride generation atomic absorption spectroscopy. The element was monitored as a function of time during 21 days. No significant differences were found in the bioaccumulation capability of both species. The removal rate for L. minor was 140mg As/had with a removal recovery of 5%. The Water Hyacinth had a removal rate of 600mg As/had and a removal recovery of 18%, under the conditions of the assay. The removal efficiency of Water Hyacinth was higher due to the biomass production and the more favorable climatic conditions. This specie represents a reliable alternative for arsenic bioremediation in waters.