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Biogas production with horse dung in solid-phase digestion systems
- Kusch, Sigrid, Oechsner, Hans, Jungbluth, Thomas
- Bioresource technology 2008 v.99 no.5 pp. 1280-1292
- biogas, biomass, energy recovery, feces, floods, horses, inoculum, methane, methane production, processing technology, straw, temperature
- Experiments on methanogenesis from horse dung were conducted in laboratory-scale batch reactors in order to determine the substrate performance in a solid-phase digestion process, more specifically in terms of potential energy recovery and suitable process technology. Dung from a horse stable with straw bedding was used. The temperature was kept in the mesophilic range. In the percolation process (with process water sprinkled over the stacked biomass) a proportion of 10-20% of solid inoculum (pre-digested horse dung) was found to be suitable. Comparative experiments with both percolation and flooding revealed a higher biogas production per volume for the flooded process, as no addition of solid inoculum was necessary. Methane yield from fresh material was similar in both processes: around 170 LN CH₄ per kg VS added was obtained in six-week cycles with untreated material under optimized conditions. Methane production was increased after chopping the substrate. Pre-aeration resulted in decreased methane production.