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Erythrodiol, a natural triterpenoid from olives, has antiproliferative and apoptotic activity in HT-29 human adenocarcinoma cells

Juan, M. Emília, Wenzel, Uwe, Daniel, Hannelore, Planas, Joana M.
Molecular nutrition & food research 2008 v.52 no.5 pp. 595-599
Olea europaea, adenocarcinoma, anticarcinogenic activity, apoptosis, caspase-3, cell growth, cell proliferation, colon, colorectal neoplasms, cytotoxicity, enzyme activity, olive oil, olives, triterpene acids
Erythrodiol is the precursor of pentacyclic triterpenic acids present in Olea Europaea. Although olive oil and some of its constituents are reported to have anticarcinogenic activities, erythrodiol has not been assessed in its cell biological functions in detail. We therefore determined its effects on cell growth and apoptosis in human colorectal carcinoma HT-29 cells. Proliferation, cytotoxicity, and apoptosis were measured by fluorescence-based techniques. Erythrodiol inhibited cell growth with an EC₅₀ value of 48.8 ± 3.7 μM without any cytotoxic effects in a concentration range up to 100 μM. However, exposure of cells for 24 h to 50, 100, and 150 μM erythrodiol increased caspase-3-like activity by 3.2-, 4.8-, and 5.2-fold over that in control cells. We here demonstrate for the first time that, in colon adenocarcinoma cells, erythrodiol exerts antiproliferative and proapoptotic activity.