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Control of Fusarium wilt of tomato caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici using leaf extract of Piper betle L.: a preliminary study

Singha, Irom Manoj, Kakoty, Yelena, Unni, Bala Gopalan, Kalita, Mohan Chandra, Das, Jayshree, Naglot, Ashok, Wann, Sawlang Borsingh, Singh, Lokendra
World journal of microbiology & biotechnology 2011 v.27 no.11 pp. 2583-2589
Fusarium oxysporum, Fusarium wilt, Piper betle, Solanum lycopersicum var. lycopersicum, carbendazim, chloroform, electron microscopy, greenhouses, leaf extracts, root growth, roots, seedlings, shoots, soil, tomatoes, vacuoles, vascular bundles, wilting
The main objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of crude chloroform extract of Piper betle L. (PbC) in controlling Fusarium wilt of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici. It was observed that 1% (w/w) amendment of the PbC in soil was more efficient in reducing the Fusarium population in soil than carbendazim and the combined amendment of carbendazim and PbC. Fusarium wilt control studies were carried out in a greenhouse. Variation in different parameters like shoot growth, root growth and mean fresh weights of tomato seedlings in all the treatments were recorded. Accumulation of total phenolics was also studied from the root tissues of tomato. Higher accumulation of total phenolics was observed in the Fusarium-infested plants as compared to that of healthy control and PbC-treated plants. Moreover, it was observed that the extract could reduce the symptoms and disease development. Electron microscopy studies were also done to observe the Fusarium infestation in the vascular bundles and to show the accumulation of total phenolics in the vacuoles of root tissue.