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Anti-osteoporosis activity of Cibotium barometz extract on ovariectomy-induced bone loss in rats
- Zhao, Xiong, Wu, Zi-Xiang, Zhang, Yang, Yan, Ya-Bo, He, Qiang, Cao, Peng-Chong, Lei, Wei
- Journal of ethnopharmacology 2011 v.137 no.3 pp. 1083-1088
- Cibotium, alkaline phosphatase, alternative medicine, biomarkers, bone strength, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, excretion, femur, oral administration, osteocalcin, osteoporosis, rats, surgery, viability
- ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Recent research has confirmed that Cibotium barometz could inhibits osteoclast formation with no affect on BMM cell viability. However, the inﬂuence of Cibotium barometz on osteoporosis in animals is relatively unknown. The purpose of this study is to systemically investigate the effects of Cibotium barometz extract (CBE) on ovariectomy-induced osteoporosis in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of Seventy-two 3-month-old female Sprague–Dawley rats were used and randomly divided into sham-operated group and five ovariectomized (OVX) groups: OVX with vehicle; OVX with 17β-estradiol (E2, 25μg/kg/day); OVX with CBE of graded doses (100, 300, or 500mg/kg/day). Daily oral administration of E2 or CBE began 4 weeks after the surgery and lasted for 16 weeks. Bone mass, bone turnover and strength were analyzed by DEXA, biochemical markers and three-point bending test. The trabecular bone microarchitecture was evaluated by MicroCT. RESULTS: CBE prevented total BMD decrease in the femur induced by OVX, which was accompanied by a significant decrease in skeletal remodeling, as was evidenced by the decreased levels of the bone turnover markers, such as osteocalcin (OC), alkaline phosphatese (ALP), deoxypyridinoline (DPD), and urinary Ca and P excretions. The treatment could also enhance the bone strength and prevent the deterioration of trabecular microarchitecture. CONCLUSIONS: The present study indicated that Cibotium barometz extract might be a potential alternative medicine for the prevention and treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis.