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QTL mapping of resistance to race Ug99 of Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici in durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.)

Haile, Jemanesh K., Nachit, Miloudi M., Hammer, Karl, Badebo, Ayele, Röder, Marion S.
Molecular breeding 2012 v.30 no.3 pp. 1479-1493
Puccinia graminis, Triticum turgidum subsp. durum, durum wheat, evolution, field experimentation, genes, inbred lines, loci, marker-assisted selection, microsatellite repeats, quantitative trait loci, races, stem rust, urediniospores, virulence, Uganda
Stem rust caused by Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici was historically one of the most destructive diseases of wheat worldwide. The evolution and rapid migration of race TTKSK (Ug99) and derivatives, first detected in Uganda in 1999, are of international concern due to the virulence of these races to widely used stem rust resistance genes. In attempts to identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) linked with resistance to stem rust race Ug99, 95 recombinant inbred lines that were developed from a cross between two durum wheat varieties, Kristal and Sebatel, were evaluated for reaction to stem rust. Seven field trials at two locations were carried out in main and off seasons. In addition to the natural infection, the nursery was also artificially inoculated with urediniospores of stem rust race Ug99 and a mixture of locally collected stem rust urediniospores. A genetic map was constructed based on 207 simple sequence repeat (SSR) and two sequence tagged site loci. Using composite interval mapping, nine QTL for resistance to stem rust were identified on chromosomes 1AL, 2AS, 3BS, 4BL, 5BL, 6AL 7A, 7AL and 7BL. These results suggest that durum wheat resistance to stem rust is oligogenic and that there is potential to identify previously uncharacterized resistance genes with minor effects. The SSR markers that are closely linked to the QTL can be used for marker-assisted selection for stem rust resistance in durum wheat.