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Sex Pheromones of Three Citrus Leafrollers, Archips atrolucens, Adoxophyes privatana, and Homona sp., Inhabiting the Mekong Delta of Vietnam
- Van Vang, Le, Thuy, Ho Nhu, Khanh, Chau Nguyen Quoc, Son, Pham Kim, Yan, Qi, Yamamoto, Masanobu, Jinbo, Utsugi, Ando, Tetsu
- Journal of chemical ecology 2013 v.39 no.6 pp. 783-789
- Adoxophyes, Archips, Citrus, Homona, females, leafrollers, males, orchards, pest management, pheromone glands, reproductive isolation, sex pheromones, synergism, trees, Vietnam
- Archips atrolucens, Adoxophyes privatana, and Homona sp. are serious defoliators of citrus trees in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam. In order to establish a sustainable pest-management program for the three species, their female-produced sex pheromones were investigated by GC-EAD and GC-MS analyses, and the following multi-component pheromones were identified: (Z)-11-tetradecenyl acetate (Z11-14:OAc), (E)-11-tetradecenyl acetate (E11-14:OAc), and tetradecyl acetate (14:OAc) in a ratio of 64:32:4 for A. atrolucens; Z11-14:OAc and (Z)-9-tetradecenyl acetate (Z9-14:OAc) in a ratio of 92:8 for A. privatana; and Z11-14:OAc and (Z)-9-dodecenyl acetate (Z9-12:OAc) in a ratio of 96:4 for Homona sp. Each lure baited with synthetic components as a mimic of the natural pheromone attracted males of the target species specifically, indicating that each monounsaturated minor component plays a significant role for mating communication and reproductive isolation of the three species inhabiting the same citrus orchards. In an extract of the pheromone glands of A. atrolucens females, the content of 14:OAc was very low, but a synergistic effect was observed clearly when the saturated compound was mixed at the same level as the E11-14:OAc. The synthetic lures will provide useful tools for monitoring flights of adults of the three species.