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Introgression of Agropyron cristatum 6P chromosome segment into common wheat for enhanced thousand-grain weight and spike length

Zhang, Jing, Zhang, Jinpeng, Liu, Weihua, Han, Haiming, Lu, Yuqing, Yang, Xinming, Li, Xiuquan, Li, Lihui
Theoretical and applied genetics 2015 v.128 no.9 pp. 1827-1837
Agropyron cristatum, Triticum aestivum, chromosome mapping, chromosome translocation, chromosomes, fluorescence in situ hybridization, genes, genetic markers, genetic variation, germplasm, grain yield, inflorescences, introgression, phenotype, phenotypic variation, plant breeding, progeny, quantitative trait loci, wheat, wild relatives
KEY MESSAGE : This study explored the genetic constitutions of wheat-Agropyron cristatum 6P chromosomal translocation and determined the effects of 6P intercalary chromosome segment on thousand-grain weight and spike length in wheat. Crop wild relatives provide rich genetic resources for wheat improvement. Introduction of alien genes from Agropyron cristatum into common wheat can broaden its genetic diversity. In this study, radiation-induced wheat-A. cristatum translocation line Pubing3035 derived from the offspring of wheat-A. cristatum 6P chromosomes addition line was identified and analyzed using genomic in situ hybridization (GISH), dual-color fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), and molecular markers. GISH analysis revealed that Pubing3035 was a Ti1AS-6PL-1AS·1AL intercalary translocation. The breakpoint was pinpointed to locate near the centromeric region on the short arm of wheat chromosome 1A based on a constructed F₂ linkage map and it was flanked by markers SSR12 and SSR263. The genotypic data, combined with the phenotypes, indicated that A. cristatum 6P chromosomal segment played an important role in regulating the thousand-grain weight and spike length. On average, the thousand-grain weight and spike length in translocation individuals were approximately 2.5 g higher and 0.7 cm longer than those in non-translocation individuals in F₂ and BC₁F₁ populations. The clusters of quantitative trait loci for thousand-grain weight, spike length, and spikelet density contributed by 6P chromosome segment were mapped between A. cristatum unique marker Agc7155 and wheat marker SSR263, which, respectively, explained phenotypic variance of 24.96, 12.38 and 17.20 % with an LOD of 10.63, 4.89 and 5.59. Overall, the translocation Pubing3035 had a positive effect on the yield of wheat, which laid the foundation for the localization of A. cristatum excellent genes and made itself a promising and valuable germplasm for wheat improvement.